Research Excellence in Finance and Economics- Primary Health Care (REFinE PHC)

Description

Contacts

Chief Investigator: Professor Jane Hall, email: jane.hall@chere.uts.edu.au

CRE Manager / co-ordinator: Gretchen Togle, email: gretchen.togle@chere.uts.edu.au

Policy context

Australia has now embarked on an ambitious program of health system reform, under which there are significant changes to primary care; establishing Medicare Locals as the focal point of planning and delivering primary care services and co-ordination with secondary and tertiary care, an electronic health record is being introduced, and a new model for funding and incentivising high quality diabetes care is being trialled. There has long been interest in how primary care is financed, and how the incentives of different payment mechanisms influence how and what services are delivered. The short term effects of single payment mechanisms, such as fee for service as Medicare provides in Australia, versus enrolment or capitation such as the UK model, are reasonably well understood. So health systems around the world are exploring how to use blended payment systems to achieve better outcomes. But so far, there is little high quality research evidence, and what there is comes largely from other countries with different health systems to ours; and so is not always relevant to the Australian context. So there is a need to build the sort of evidence that can help develop effective policy in this important sector.

Synopsis

This Centre for Research Excellence will focus on the economics and finance of primary care in Australia. The aim is to build an evidence base to support primary care reform. The research will evaluate recent and new primary care policies. It will use this evidence to inform the development and implementation of new initiatives.

The research of the Centre will show how new policies will affect the utilisation and costs of health care, how these changes affect health outcomes, and what happens to the patients who use the system and whether their experience is improved.

The team of researchers brings together experts in policy development and implementation, experienced health economists, and people with a strong understanding or primary care and service delivery. It also adds new international links, to ensure that Australian researchers and policymakers are up to date with developments overseas, and are contributing to the lessons of international experience.

Citations

2016

  1. Fiebig DG, van Gool K, Hall JP and Mu C. Differential use of health care in response to health shocks” (Submitted to Health Economics)
  2. Kenny P, Reeve R, Hall JP. 2016. Satisfaction with nursing education, job satisfaction and work intentions of new graduate nurses. Nurse Education Today 2016; 36: 230-23.
  3. Kenny P, De Abreu Lourenco R, Wong CY, Haas MR, Goodall S. 2016. Community preferences in general practice: important factors for choosing a GP. Health Expectations 2016; 19(1): 26-38. DOI: 10.1111/hex.12326
  4. Moullin J, Sabater-Hernández D, García-Corpas JP, Kenny P and Benrimoj S. 2016. Development and testing of two implementation tools to measure
    components of professional pharmacy service fidelity. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2016; 22(3): 369-377.
  5. Mu C, de Abreu Lourenco R, Hall JP and van Gool K. Is low priced primary care bad for quality? Evidence from Australian general practice. (under review: Applied Economics)
  6. Wong CY, Greene J, Dolja‐Gore X and van Gool K. 2016. The Rise and Fall in Out‐of‐Pocket Costs in Australia: An Analysis of the Strengthening Medicare Reforms. Health Economics, doi: 10.1002/hec.3317.
  7. Wong CY and Hall JP. Does patients' experience of general practice affect the use of emergency departments? Evidence from Australia. (Submitted to Health Policy)
  8. Yu S, Youens D, van Gool K, Hall JP and Moorin R. Does visiting a GP more regularly reduce hospital costs? Evidence from diabetics in Australia. (submitted to Health Policy)

 

2015

  1. Comino E, Harris MF, Haas MR, Jalaludin B, Flack J, Jorm L, Tran D, Islam Md. Association of processes of primary care and hospitalisation for people with diabetes: a record linkage study. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice; 108(2015):296-305.
  2. De Abreu Lourenco R, Kenny P, Haas MR and Hall JP. 2015. Factors affecting general practitioner charges and Medicare bulk-billing: Results of a survey of Australians. Medical Journal of Australia; 202(2):87-90.
  3. De Abreu Lourenco R and Hall JP. 2015. Paying for the expanding role of primary care in cancer control. Lancet Oncology; 16(12):1228-1229.
  4. Fiebig D, Viney R, Knox S, Haas MR, Street D, Hole A, Weisberg E, Bateson D. 2015. Consideration sets and their role in modelling doctor recommendations about contraceptives. Health Economics; first published online: 26 October 2015. DOI: 10.1002/hec.3276.
  5. Hall JP. 2015. Australian health care — The challenge of reform in a fragmented system. New England Journal of Medicine 2015; 373( ):493-497. August 6, 2015. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp141073.
  6. Johar M,  Mu C, Van Gool  and Wong CY. 2015. Bleeding hearts, profiteers, or both: specialist physician fees in an unregulated market. accepted by Health Economics on 13 December, 2015.
  7. Kecmanovic M and Hall JP. 2015. The use of financial incentives in Australian general practice. Medical Journal of Australia 2015; 202(9):488-491. doi: 10.5694/mja14.00252.
  8. Mu C, Kecmanovic M and Hall JP. 2015. Does living alone confer a higher risk of hospitalisation? Economic Record; 91(S1):124-138.
  9. Mu, C. 2015. The age profile of the location decision of Australian General Practitioners. Social Science and Medicine; 142( ):183-193. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.08.001
  10. Pham M and McRae IS. 2015. Who provides GP after-hours care? Health Policy 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2015.01.005
  11. Wright M. 2015. Is there value in the Relative Value Study? Caution before Australian Medicare reform. Medical Journal of Australia 2015; 203(8):331-333.

 

2014

  1. Doiron D, Hall JP, Kenny P. and Street DJ. 2014. Job preferences of students and new graduates in nursing. Applied Economics; 46(9):924-939.
  2. Feng X, Girosi F and McRae I. 2014 .People with multiple unhealthy lifestyles are less likely to consult primary healthcare. BMC Family Practice 2014; 15( ):126 doi:10.1186/1471-2296-15-126.
  3. Girgis A, Kelly B, Boyes A, Haas MR, Viney RC, Descallar J, Candler H, Bellamy D. and Prioetto T. 2014. The PACT Study Protocol: A time series study investigating the impact, acceptability and cost of an integrated model for psychosocial screening, care and treatment of patients with urological and head and neck cancers. BMJ Open; 4(1):e004147-1-e004147-10.
  4. Gu Y, Norman R, Viney R. 2014. Estimating health state utility values from discrete choice experiments: a QALY space model approach. Health Economics; 23( ): 1098-1114.
  5. Hall JP, Kenny PM, Hossain I, Street D. and Knox SA. 2014. Providing informal care in terminal illness: an analysis of preferences for support using a discrete choice experiment. Medical Decision Making; 34(6):731-745.
  6. Hole AR, Norman R and Viney RC. 2014. Response Patterns in Health State Valuation Using Endogenous Attribute Attendance and Latent Class Analysis. Health Economics, in press.
  7. Islam Md M, Yen LE, Valderas JM and McRae IS. 2014. Out-of-pocket expenditure by Australian seniors with chronic disease: the effect of specific diseases and morbidity clusters. BMC Public Health 2014; 14( ):1008 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1008.
  8. Kenny PM, King MT and Hall JP. 2014. The physical functioning and mental health of informal carers: evidence of caregiving impacts from an Australian population-based cohort. Health and Social Care in the Community; 22(6):646-659.
  9. Mays N, Tan S, Eastmure E, Erens B, Lagarde M and Wright M .2014. Potential impact of removing general practice boundaries in England: A policy analysis. Health Policy; 118(3):273-2783.
  10. Mazumdar S, Feng X, Konings P, McRae IS and Girosi F. 2014. A brief report on Primary Care Service Area catchment geographies in New South
    Wales Australia. International Journal of Health Geographics; 13( ):38 doi:10.1186/1476-072X-13-387.
  11. McRae IS, Butler J. 2014. Supply and demand in physician markets: A panel data analysis of GP services in Australia. International Journal for Healthcare Finance and Economics; DOI: 10.1007/s10754-014-9148-7.
  12. Milton-Wildey KK, Kenny PM, Parmenter G and Hall JP. 2014. Educational preparation for clinical nursing: the satisfaction of students and new graduates from two Australian universities. Nurse Education Today; 34( ):648-654.
  13. Norman R and Hall JP. 2014. The desire and capability of Australian general practitioners to change their working hours. Medical Journal of Australia; 200(7):399-402.
  14. Norman R and Hall JP. 2014. Can hospital-based doctors change their working hours? Evidence from Australia. Internal Medicine Journal; 44(7):658-664.
  15. Norman RViney RC, Brazier JE, Burgess LB, Cronin PA, King MT, Ratcliffe J and Street D. 2014. Valuing SF-6D health states using a Discrete Choice Experiment. Medical Decision Making; 34(6):773-786.
  16. Pearce AM, Van Gool K, Haywood P and Haas MR. 2014. Delays in access to affordable medicines: putting policy into perspective - Authors' response. [letter], Australian Health Review; 38(1):16-17.
  17. Perkins N, Coleman A, Wright MC, Gadsby E, Petsoulas C, McDermott I and Checkland K. 2014. Involving GPs in commissioning: what 'added value' do they think they bring to Clinical Commissioning Groups? British Journal of General Practice; 64(628):575-5761.
  18. Reeve RD, Church J, Haas MR, Bradford W and Viney RC. 2014. Factors that drive the gap in diabetes rates between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in non-remote NSW? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 38(5):459-465.
  19. Van den Berg B, Fiebig DG and Hall JP. 2014. Well-being losses due to care-giving. Journal of Health Economics; 35( ):123-131.
  20. Viney RC, Norman R, Brazier JE, Cronin PA, King MT, Ratcliffe J and Street D. 2014. An Australian discrete choice experiment to value EQ-5D health states. Health Economics; 23(6):729-742.
  21. Wong SF, Norman R, Dunning TL, Ashley DM and Lorgelly PK. 2014. A protocol for a discrete choice experiment: understanding preferences of patients with cancer towards their cancer care across metropolitan and rural regions in Australia. BMJ Open; 4(10):e006661. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006661.
  22. Whitehurst D, Norman R, Brazier JE and Viney RC. 2014. Comparison of contemporaneous EQ-5D and SF-6D responses using published scoring algorithms derived from similar valuation exercises. Value in Health; 17( ):570-577.

 

2013

  1. Barrett G and Kecmanovic M. 2013. Changes in subjective well-being with retirement: assessing savings adequacy. Applied Economics; 45(35):4883-4893.
  2. Cronin P, Goodall S, Lockett T, O'Keefe CM, Norman R and Church J. 2013. Cost-effectiveness of an advance notification letter to increase colorectal cancer screening. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Healthcare: 29( ):261-8.
  3. Garcıa-Cardenas V, Sabater-Hernandez D, Kenny P, Martınez-Martınez F, Faus MJ, Benrimoj SI. 2013. Effect of a pharmacist intervention on asthma control. A cluster randomised trial. Respiratory Medicine; 107(9):1346-1355.
  4. Hall JP. 2013. The tale of out-of-pocket spending on health care. [Invited editorial]. Medical Journal of Australia; 199(7):475-476.
  5. Hall JP. 2013. The development of health economics in Australia and its contribution to policy. The Australian Economic Review; 46(2):196-201.
  6. McCluskey A, Middleton S, Ada L, Goodall S and Grimshaw K. 2013. Improving quality of life by increasing outings after stroke: Study protocol for the Out-and-About study. International Journal of Stroke; 8( ):54-58.
  7. Milton-Wildey K, Kenny P, Parmenter G and Hall JP. Educational preparation for clinical nursing: the satisfaction of students and new graduates from two Australian universities. Nurse Education Today.
  8. Norman R, Hall JP, Street D and Viney RC. 2013. Efficiency and equity: A stated preference approach. Health Economics; 22(5):568-581.
  9. van Gool K, Norman R, Hall JP, Massie J and Delatycki M. 2013. Understanding the costs of care for cystic fibrosis: an analysis by age and health state. Value in Health; 16(2):345-355.
  10. Weisberg E, Bateson D, Knox SA, Haas MR, Viney RC and Fiebig DG. 2013. Do women and providers value the same features of contraceptive products? Results of a best-worst stated preference experiment. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care; 18(3):181-190.
  11. Yen LE,  McRae IS, Jowsey T and Bagheri N. 2013.Time spent on health related activity by older Australians with diabetes. Journal of diabetes and metabolic disorders 07/2013; 12(1):33. DOI:10.1186/2251-6581-12-33.

 

2012

  1. Comino E, Davies G, Krastev Y, Haas MR, Christl B, Furler J, Raymont A and Harris MF. 2012. A systematic review of interventions to enhance access to best practice primary health care for chronic disease management, prevention and episodic care. BMC Health Services Research; 12(415):1-9.
  2. Greene J and Hall JP. 2012. The comparability of emergency department waiting time performance data. Medical Journal of Australia; 197(6):345-348.

 

Conference presentations

2016

  1. Wong CY, Mu C, Hall JP and van Gool K. Consultancy on the health care pathways, provider payment and associated costs of patients with diabetes. Poster presentation in Primary Health Care Research Conference in June 2016.
  2. Denzil G, Fiebig, van Gool K, Hall JP and Mu C. Differential use of health care in response to health shocks? 22nd Panel Data Conference, June, Fremantle, Western Australia.

 

2015

  1. Goodall S, Kenny P and Mu C. What Influences the choice of General Practitioners? Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Australia and New Zealand. 37th Annual Australian Health Economics Society Conference, Brisbane 1-2 October 2015.
  2. Goodall S, Kenny P, Mu C and Cumming J. What influences the choice of General Practitioners? Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Australia and New Zealand. 9th Health Services & Policy Research Conference. Conference of the Health Services Research Association of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, 7-9 December 2015.
  3. Mu C, Kecmanovic M, Hall JP, van Gool K, Moorin R and Youens D. The identification of diabetic population from administrative and survey data. 9th Health Services and Policy Research Conference, Melbourne, 7-9 December, 2015.
  4. Yu S, Youens D, van Gool K, Moorin R and Hall JP. The effect of regular GP contact on potentially preventable hospitalisation in NSW: Developing and testing a second generation of the regularity metric. 9th Health Services and Policy Research Conference, Melbourne, 7-9 December, 2015.
  5. Goodall S, Kenny P and Mu C. What influences the choice of General Practitioners? Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Australia and New Zealand. International Health Economics Association World Congress, July 2015, Milan, Italy.
  6. Wong C and Hall JP. Does the quality of general practitioners affect the use of emergency department? Evidence from a survey of Australian adults. 2015 Primary Health Care Research Conference (poster presentation).
  7. Wright M. Who uses more than one general practice? Primary Health Care Research Conference (poster presentation).
  8. Wright M. Cost of discontinuity of care in Australian general practice. International Health Economics Association World Congress, July 2015, Milan, Italy.
  9. van Gool K and Wright M. Trends in primary care use in Australia and challenges for designing payment systems. International Health Economics Association World Congress, July 2015, Milan, Italy.
  10. Hall JP. Developments in primary care in mixed public-private health systems – session discussant. International Health Economics Association World Congress. Milan July 2015.
  11. Hall JP and van Gool, K. Ageing, health care expenditure and entitlement. CEPAR Annual Workshop on Health and Ageing. Sydney January 2015.

 

2014

  1. De Abreu Lourenco, R, Kenny P, Hall, JP and the REFinE Team. Factors linked to patient GP payments: results of a survey of Australian patients. Primary Health Care Research Conference, Canberra, July 2014.
  2. De Abreu Lourenco, R and Hall JP. Factors linked to patient GP payments: results of a survey of Australian patients. Primary Health Care Research Conference, Canberra, July 2014.
  3. De Abreu Lourenco, R. Drug reimbursement in Australia - is anyone listening? Health Consumer Advocacy Workshop, August 24-25th.
  4. Hall JP. Research and reform in Australia. Opening keynote address. Health Services Research Europe. Utrecht, The Netherlands. May 2014.
  5. Hall JP. [invited speaker] Using Incentives to drive quality primary care: is it all about money? 2nd International Primary Health Care Conference, Brisbane, March 2014.
  6. Hall JP. The greying years. Health care, ageing and entitlement. UTSpeaks. Public lecture. July 2014.
  7. Hall JP. Equity and entitlement in the Australian health care system. Australian College of Health Service Executives. Adelaide. September 2014.
  8. Hall JP. Economic pressures for changes in health funding. Victorian Healthcare Association. Melbourne. October 2014.
  9. Hall JP. van Gool, K. Ageing, health care expenditure and entitlement. Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, Annual Symposium. Canberra. November 2014
  10. Kenny P, Haas MR, Goodall S, Wong CY and De Abreu Lourenco R. Patient preferences in General Practice: Important factors for choosing a GP. Primary Health Care Research Conference, Canberra, July 2014.
  11. Maruyama S and Mu, C. The effect of Government subsidies on General Practitioners’ Location and labour supply decisions. 2nd Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) Research Forum, Melbourne, Australia, 10 April 2014.
  12. McRae IS and Butler J. The economics of a GP copayment - who would pay the price? Australian Health Economics Society Confernece, Adelaide Septemebr 2014.
  13. Mu C, Kekmanovic M and Hall JP. Does living alone confer a higher risk of hospitalisation? Primary Health Care Research Conference, Canberra, July 2014.
  14. Mu C, Kekmanovic M and Hall JP. Does living alone confer a higher risk of hospitalisation? Australian Conference of Economists (ACE) and Econometric Society Australasian Meeting (ESAM), 1 - 4 July 2014, Hobart, Tasmania.
  15. Mu C, van Gool K and Hall JP. What explains the use of General Practitioners? 36th Australian Health Economics Society Conference (AHES), Adelaide, Australia, 25-26 September 2014.
  16. van Gool, K. The rise and fall in out-of-pocket costs for GP visits: An analysis of the strengthening Medicare reforms. CAER 11th Annual Summer Workshop, Sydney, January 2014.
  17. Wong CY, Greene J, van Gool K and Dolja-Gore X. The rise and fall in out-of-pocket costs in Australia: An analysis of the strengthening Medicare reforms. Primary Health Care Research Conference, Canberra, July 2014.

2013

  1. Hall JP and Kecmanovic M. Uptake of Government incentive schemes and grants in Australian primary care. 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  2. Hall JP. Primary health care in Australia: how can research support health system development. 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  3. Goodall S, Kenny P, de Abreu Lourenco R, Haas MR and the ReFinE team. Understanding Patients’ Preferences for Primary Care Services: Have Discrete Choice Experiments helped? 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  4. de Abreu Lourenco R, Kenny P, Hall JP and the REFinE Team. Factors linked to patient GP payments: results of a survey of Australian patients. 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  5. Haas MR. CHERE, UTS (With thanks to Richard De Abreu Lourenco and the REFinE team). Awareness and uptake among Australians of innovations in the delivery of primary care. 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  6. Kenny P, Haas MR, Goodall S and the ReFinE team. Patient preferences in general practice: Important factors for choosing a GP. 2013 Health Services & Policy Research Conference.
  7. de Abreu Lourenco R. Paying Primary Care Providers. 2013 National Primary Health Care Conference 14-15 November 2013.
  8. Hall JP. The health economics perspective on end of life care’. ACT Local Hospital Network Council. End of Life Issues and Decision Making Forum 4 May 2013.
  9. Hall JP and de Abreu Lourenco R. A (rural) health system for the 21st Century: Financing our health care system – The place and pace of reform. 12th National Rural Health Conference. Adelaide. April 2013.
  10. Arora S, Kecmanovic M, Hall JP and Goodall S. The impact of financial incentives on primary care in Australia. iHEA 9th World Congress on Health Economics, Sydney, July 2013.
  11. Mu C. The effect of government subsidies on General Practitioners’ location and labour supply decision. 2013 Australasia Meeting of the Econometric Society (ESAM), July 2013.
  12. Mu C, Maruyama S. Salient gender difference in the wage elasticity of General Practitioners’ labour supply. 9th World Congress of the International Health Economics Association (iHEA), Sydney, Australia, July 2013
  13. Kecmanovic M, Arora S, Hall JP and Goodall S. The impact of financial incentives on primary care in Australia. 2013 Primary Health Care Research Conference, Sydney, July 2013.

 

2012

  1. Hall JP. Healthcare for Life? UTSpeaks. Public Lecture October 2012.
  2. Hall JP. Overview of reform and the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority. Australian Health Economics Society Annual Meeting’. Darwin October 2012.
  3. Norman R and Goodall S. Panel discussion – Integrating research and policy to safeguard fair distribution of health care resources: Incorporating an ethical and social value focus. Health Technology Assessment Conference, Sydney, November 2, 2012

 

Other academic outputs

  1. The REFinE-PHC Report on Patient Experiences of Primary Care. Marion Haas, Richard de Abreu Lourenco on behalf of the REFinE Team
  2. REFinE-PHC Paying for Primary Health Care. Financial incentives for efficiency, equity and sustainability. Jane Hall, Kees van Gool, on behalf of the REFinE Team
  3. REFinE-PHC: Preferences and choice in primary care Consumers and providers. Goodall S, Kenny P, Mu C, Hall J, Norman R, Cumming J, Street D, Greene J.
  4. The REFinE-PHC Report. Primary Health Care in Australia: towards a more sustainable and equitable health care system. Kees van Gool, Jane Hall on behalf of the REFinE Team
  5. Wong CY, Mu C, Hall JP and van Gool K. Contributed to the new OECD report: OECD (2016) Better Ways to Pay for Health Care, OECD Publishing, Paris
  6. van Gool K, Woods M, Hall JP, Haas M and Yu S. Sustainability, efficiency and equity in health care: the role of funding arrangements in Australia. AHHA Pathways to Reform Series. Available https://ahha.asn.au/Federation-and-Health
  7. Woods M, van Gool K, Hall JP, Haas M and Yu S. Primary Health Networks as a force for disruptive positive change. AHHA Pathways to Reform Series.  Available https://ahha.asn.au/Federation-and-Health
  8. Haas M, de Abreu Lourenco R and Hall JP. REFinE-PHC Consumer Survey: overview of initial results. http://refinephc.org.au/working-papers/
  9. Mu C, Kecmanovic M and Hall JP. Does Living Alone Confer a Higher Risk of Hospitalisation? http://refinephc.org.au/working-papers/
  10. Johar M, Mu C, van Gool K and Wong CY. Bleeding Hearts, profiteers, or both: specialist physician fees in an unregulated market. http://refinephc.org.au/working-papers/
  11. Hall JP, van Gool K, Woods M, Viney R and Goodall S. Medicare review must deal with ‘elephant in room’. The Conversation, April 2015. https://theconversation.com/medicare-review-must-deal-with-elephant-in-t...
  12. Hall JP and van Gool K. Abbott redux needs to revisit ‘sustainable’ health spending. The Conversation, February 2015. https://theconversation.com/abbott-redux-needs-to-revisit-sustainable-he...
  13. Hall JP and van Gool K. AMA co-pay plan: protecting the poor and GPs' bottom line. The Conversation, August 2014. http://theconversation.com/ama-co-pay-plan-protecting-the-poor-and-gps-b...
  14. Hall JP and de Abreu Lourenco R. GP co-payments: why price signals for health don’t work. The Conversation, July 2014. http://theconversation.com/gp-co-payments-why-price-signals-for-health-d...
  15. Hall JP. Commission of Audit should know costs but appreciate value. The Conversation, February 2014 http://theconversation.com/commission-of-audit-should-know-costs-but-app...
  16. Norman R and Haywood P. FactCheck: were just 67% of GP visits bulk-billed when Tony Abbott was health minister? The Conversation, 4th September 2013 https://theconversation.com/factcheck-were-just-67-of-gp-visits-bulk-bil...
  17. van Gool K. Who reaps the benefits? Rethinking the Medicare Safety Net. The Conversation, February 2012  available https://theconversation.com/who-reaps-the-benefits-rethinking-the-medica...
  18. REFinED Facts - No 1 – A Review of Primary Health Care Funding and Reimbursement Arrangements in Australia: 1984 to the Present  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  19. REFinED Facts - No 2 – Funding primary care providers – how, why and what for?  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  20. REFinED Facts - No 3 – End of life care and economics  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  21. REFinED Facts - No 4 – Overview and Initial Results from a consumer survey about General Practice: Perceptions and costs  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  22. REFinED Facts - No 5 – Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants: Adapting models of care to changing demographics  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  23. REFinED Facts - No 6 – Is the MBS fee for service or fee for time?  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  24. REFinED Facts - No 7 – Factors affecting general practitioner charges and Medicare bulk billing: results of an Austrlian Survey  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  25. REFinED Facts- No 8 – Community preferences in general pratice: important factors for choosing a general practitioner  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  26. REFinED Facts - No 9 – The use of financial incentives in Australian general practice  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  27. REFinED Facts - No 10 – The desire and capability of Australian general practitioners to change their working hours  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  28. REFinED Facts - No 11 – The age profile of the location decision of Australian general practitioners  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  29. REFinED Facts - No 12 – Is there value in the Relative Value Study? Caution before Medicare Reform  Available http://refinephc.org.au/fact-sheets/
  30. REFinED Opinions - Medicare Co-payments: bad medicine http://refinephc.org.au/opinion-pieces/
  31. REFinED Opinions - How many Ministers does it take to change a policy? Shining a light on what drives bulk-billing  http://refinephc.org.au/opinion-pieces/

 

Website

http://refinephc.org.au

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